ree jazz emerged in the United States in the early 1960s, a context marked by the civil rights movement. This new genre aimed to liberate African American music from established musical and social patterns, emphasizing sound deconstruction, non-linear drumming and infinite solos that shattered the notion of composition. The radical nature of this creative process, based on total improvisation, struck a chord with France in the 1960s, which was characterized by its anti- establishment and decolonial movements. This avant-garde music accompanies Sarah Maldoror’s early films, narrating struggles for independence. The Art Ensemble of Chicago composed the score for her short film Monangambée (1968) free of charge, as a way of expressing African American solidarity with the liberation movement in Angola.