The term “colonisation” generally refers to the system of (declared or concealed) exploitation through which the industrial societies of the North were constructed on the backs of the peoples of the South, beginning in the 16th century. It involves the occupation and exploitation of land and the imposition of political, social, economic and cultural domination. The consequences of colonisation can still be seen today in lingering injustices, economic and social imbalances, and an ongoing exploitation of resources.